Houston online museum of interesting information and artifacts
of Sam Houston that hangs in the entryway at the Rockbridge County Courthouse
in Lexington, Virginia.
taken 3/26/05 at the Sam Houston Historic Schoolhouse
3650 Old Sam Houston Schoolhouse Road
Maryville, TN 37804 ph. 865-983-1550
of the old Sam Houston Schoolhouse
First Day of Issue Cover was sent to, David Burpee, president of the
Burpee Seed Company. Addressed: Mr. David Burpee, President W. Atlee
Burpee Seed Company 18th Street and Hunting Park Ave Philadelphia 32,
Art Craft first day cover issued to honor Houston (1793-1863), soldier,
president of Texas and US senator. A first day cover is an envelope
postmarked on the first day that the stamp was issued
Childhood of Famous Americans
Copyright 1944; 1953 Bobbs Merrill Ex library blue hard cover.
Sillouette illustrations by Paul Laune
US Navy subamrine
launch cover. USS Sam Houston, February 2, 1961.
second HOUSTON (CA-30) was launched by Newport News Shipbuilding &
Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va., 7 September 1929; sponsored by Miss
Elizabeth Holcombe, daughter of the mayor of Houston, Tex.; and commissioned
as CL-30 17 June 1930, Captain J. B. Gay commanding. Her designation
was changed to CA-30, 1 July 1931. After conducting shakedown cruise
in the Atlantic HOUSTON returned to the United States in October 1930.
She then visited Houston, Tex., and joined the fleet at Hampton Roads.
Steaming to New York, the cruiser departed 10 January 1931 for the Pacific,
and after stopping at the Canal Zone and the Hawaiian Islands arrived
Manila 22 February 1931. HOUSTON became flagship of the Asiatic Station
upon arrival, and for the next year participated in training operations
in the troubled Far East. With the outbreak of war between China and
Japan in 1932, HOUSTON got underway 31 January for Shanghai to protect
American lives and property. She landed Marine and Navy gun platoons
to help stabilize the situation and remained in the area, with the exception
of a good will cruise to the Philippines in March and one to Japan in
May 1933, until being relieved by AUGUSTA 17 November 1933. The cruiser
sailed to San Francisco to join the Scouting Force, and for the years
preceding World War II participated in Fleet Problems and maneuvers
in the Pacific. During this period HOUSTON made several special cruises.
President Roosevelt came on board 1 July 1934 at Annapolis, Md., for
a cruise of almost 12,000 miles through the Caribbean and to Portland,
Oreg., by way of Hawaii. HOUSTON also carried Assistant Secretary of
the Navy Henry L Roosevelt on a tour of the Hawaiian Islands, returning
to San Diego 15 May 1935. After a short cruise in Alaskan waters, the
cruiser returned to Seattle and embarked the President again 3 October
1935 for a vacation cruise to the Cerros Islands, Magdalena Bay, Cocos
Islands, and Charleston, S.C. HOUSTON also celebrated the opening of
the Golden Gate bridge at San Francisco 28 May 1937, and carried President
Roosevelt for a Fleet Review at the same city 14 July 1938. HOUSTON
became flagship of the U.S. Fleet 19 September 1938, when Rear Admiral
Bloch broke his flag on board her, and maintained that status until
28 December, when she returned to the Scouting Force. Continuing the
now-familiar routine of training exercises, she got underway for Fleet
Problem 20, 4 January 1939 from San Francisco, sailed to Norfolk and
Key West, and there embarked the President and the Chief of Naval Operations,
Admiral Leahy, for the duration of the problem. She arrived Houston,
Tex., 7 April for a brief visit before returning to Seattle, where she
arrived 30 May. Assigned as flagship Hawaiian Detachment, the cruiser
arrived Pearl Harbor after her post-overhaul shakedown 7 December 1939,
and continued in that capacity until returning to Mare Island 17 February
1940. Sailing to Hawaii, she departed 3 November for the Philippine
Islands as the world situation grew darker. Arriving Manila 19 November
1940 she became flagship of Admiral Hart, Commander Asiatic Fleet. As
the war crisis deepened, Admiral Hart deposed his fleet in readiness.
On the night of the Pearl Harbor attack, HOUSTON got underway from Panay
Island with fleet units bound for Darwin, Australia, where she arrived
28 December 1941 by way of Balikpapan and Surabaya. After patrol duty
she joined the ABDA (American-British-Dutch-Australian ) naval force
at Surabaya. Air raids were frequent in the area, and HOUSTON's gunners
splashed four planes 4 February as Admiral Doorman, RNN, took his force
to engage Japanese reported to be at Balikpapan. HOUSTON took one hit,
disabling her No. 3 turret, and cruiser MARBLEHEAD was so damaged that
she had to be sent out of the battle area. Doorman was forced to abandon
his advance. Returning to Australia, HOUSTON departed 15 February with
a small convoy to reinforce the garrison on Timor. Before the day was
out, the group was forced to beat off numerous air attacks, and next
morning the Japanese attacked in full force. During this defensive action,
HOUSTON distinguished herself by driving off nearly the entire raid
without damage to her transports. Receiving word that the major Japanese
invasion force was approaching Java protected by a formidable surface
unit, Admiral Doorman resolutely determined to meet and seek to destroy
the main convoy. Sailing 26 February with HOUSTON, HMAS PERTH, HNMS
DE RUYTER, HMS EXETER, HNMS JAVA and 10 destroyers, he met the Japanese
support force under Admiral Takagi consisting of 4 cruisers and 13 destroyers.
In the Battle of the Java Sea which followed, Doorman's forces fought
valiantly, but were doomed by lack of air cover and communication difficulties.
The ships met for the first time in the late afternoon, and as Japanese
destroyers laid smoke the cruisers of both fleets opened fire. After
one ineffective torpedo attack the Japanese light cruisers and destroyers
launched a second at 1700, this attack sinking KORTENAER. EXETER and
destroyer ELECTRA were hit by gunfire, ELECTRA fatally, and at 1730
Admiral Doorman turned south toward the Java coast, not wishing to be
diverted from his main purpose, the destruction of the convoy itself.
With dogged fighting spirit he dodged another torpedo attack and followed
the coastline, during which time JUPITER was sunk, either by mine or
internal explosion. Then ENCOUNTER was detached to pick up survivors
from KORTENAER, and the American destroyers, their torpedoes expended,
were ordered back to Surabaya. Now with no destroyer protection, Doorman's
four remaining ships turned north again in a last gallant attempt to
stop the invasion of Java. At 2300 the same night, the cruisers again
encountered the Japanese surface group. On parallel courses the opposing
units opened fire, and the Japanese launched a devastating torpedo attack
30 minutes later. DE RUYTER and JAVA, caught in a spread of 12 torpedoes,
exploded and sank, carrying their captains and Admiral Doorman down
with them. Before losing contact with PERTH and HOUSTON, Doorman had
ordered them to retire. This was accomplished, but the next day the
two ships steamed boldly into Banten Bay, hoping to damage the Japanese
invasion forces there. The cruisers were almost torpedoed as they approached
the bay, but evaded the nine torpedoes launched by destroyed FUBUKI.
The cruisers then sank one transport and forced three others to beach.
A destroyer squadron blocked Sunda Strait, their means of retreat, and
on the other hand large cruisers MOGAMI and MIKUMA stood dangerously
near. The result was foreordained, but HOUSTON and PERTH fought valiantly.
PERTH came under fire at 2336 and in an hour had been sunk from gunfire
and torpedo hits. HOUSTON then fought alone, her guns blazing at the
enemy all around her, a champion at bay. Soon after midnight she took
a torpedo and began to lose headway. During this time HOUSTON's gunners
scored hits on three different destroyers and sank a minesweeper, but
suffered three more torpedo explosions in quick succession. Captain
Rooks was killed by a bursting shell at 0030 and as the ship came to
a stop Japanese destroyers swarmed over her machine gunning the decks.
A few minutes later the gallant HOUSTON, her name written imperishably
in the records of heroism, rolled over and sank, her ensign still flying.
HOUSTON's fate was not known by the world for almost 9 months, and the
full story of her courageous fight was not fully told until after the
war was over and her survivors were liberated from prison camps. Captain
Rooks received posthumously the Medal of Honor for this extraordinary
heroism. In addition to two battle stars, HOUSTON was awarded the Presidential
Navy subamrine launch cover. USS Robert E Lee, December 18, 1959
the life of the soldier who led the fight for Texas' independence
from Mexico, served as governor and senator, and opposed secession
during the Civil War.
Inside is a terrific article titled "Sam Houston, A Man Too Big
for Texas." Loaded with two dozen or so full color and vintage
b/w photos plus diagrams and illustrations, this story relates the life
and times of the man who literally put Texas on the map, "General
The Cherokee called him Co-lo-neh, or Raven, and they taught Sam Houston
their forest secrets -their cures, their ways of hunting game, their
omens and amulets. He learned well, for the man Sam Houston cast a spell
of his own. His life does yet. As statesman, soldier, and frontiersman,
the champion of Texas independence was a giant of his age. So join along
as author Bart McDowell and photographer Charles O'Rear criss-cross
the state and celebrate 150 years of Texas Independence and breath new
life into one of the Lone Star State's favorite sons Sam Houston.
Interested in more Frontier History ? Then please visit the many other
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